Jiang Rong Jiao (1890 - 1974)

Jiang (Chang Rong Chiao) was a top student of some very important instructors. He started his training as a Shaolin student with his father, Jiang Fa Tai. Under Chen Yue Shan he learned Mi Zong (Lost Track) including the whip, sword, spear and Chin Na. Then came Li Cun Yi (BaGua student of Cheng Ting Hua) and Zhang Zhao Dong (Chang Chao Tung). Each was a major teacher Li having the nick name "Single Saber" and Zhang being known as "Lightning Hand." While most of the movements - according to Jiang own report - came from Zhang's teaching, the major principles were informed by Li's insights. Whatever the mix Jiang became one of China's top teachers at a time when Chinese WuShu was going through a crisis.

His response was, in part, to begin a publishing venture unlike anyone had done before. Among the books he issued were "Writings on the Duckweed Sword", "Xing Yi Mother Fists", and other important texts.His honesty and research helped launch a new era in martial writings.

He was also asked by sword master, Li Jing Lin, to teach at the prestigious Nanjing Guoshu Institute. Later Jiang traveled to Henan and visited the Chen Family village (Tai Chi's homeland) and Song Mountain (birthplace of Shaolin Kung Fu). Next to Hupei and the Wu Dang Mountain. Among his students were listed: Jiang Zong Yi, Jiang Zong Tao, Zhang Wen Guang, Sha Guo Zheng, Li Yuan Song, Gao Gong, Yang Bang Tai, Zou Shu Xian (adopted daughter), Lu Yong Cai and Wan Tian Sheng.


Jiang was a major influence in many ways. An also a brave and untiring advocate for martial practice. In 1955 he suffered an accident that permanently damaged his optic nerve. He was forced to rely on his adopted daughter, Zou Shou Xian, to teach classes. He also employed here while he wrote his famous book, "BaGuaZhang Practice Methods." This is an important book in martial history. It was the first BaGua book published after the 1949 struggled between Communists and Nationalists. At that time boxing manuals were officially being denounced as reactionary. Jiang not only produced a good book but a model book with famous illustrations and clear and excellent text showing the "Original BaGua" with which he is associated. This version is based on the Eight Orthodox Palm Changes and is known and respected world wide. Jiang is said to have created a second form which combined the energies of BaGua and Xing Yi. This style contains Chi Kung Meditation Palms, another version of the Eight Palm Changes and a Partner Form based on the Eight Palm Changes. Also there are some BaGua San Shou exercises which, in this art, means that they encourage spontaneous and natural changes.


Jiang continued to lecture throughout the country, dedicated to preserving the treasures of Xing Yi and BaGua. He died in 1974 at the age of 84. He is still remembered as an innovator and inspiration in the promotion of martial arts.



Other items relating to Jiang Rong Jiao:

Kang Ge Wu's Ba Gua Tape
Our Art of Change DVDs
Joseph Crandall's Ba Gua Translation
Joseph Crandall's Xing Yi Translation
Sha Guo Zheng's Jiang BaGua transmission


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